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'' TLOS '' ancient city

The city of Mythological Winged Horse '' ''Pegasus'' 

Tlos is one of the most important settlements of the region in ethnographic, cultural, religious and economic terms. From the Neolithic period to the Iron Age, there are traces of continuous settlement. In the written sources of the Hittites, Tlos is referred to as a country. Tlos, which is an important center in terms of Christianity history, is one of the most important dioceses of Lycia. This religious significance continued until the 12th century. It also carries traces of the Ottoman Period. In the 18th century, Tlos was the intersection of the trade routes of the region.

Rock Tombs / Necropolis Area

Tlos was one of the six principal cities of Lycia (and purportedly one of the most powerful). The city was dubbed "the very brilliant metropolis of the Lycian nation" during the Roman period.

There is evidence that Tlos was a member of the Lycian League, to which in 168 BC Rome granted autonomy instead of dependence on Rhodes. Opramoas of Rhodiapolis and another wealthy philanthropist financed much 2nd-century AD for the civic building works in the city.

Inscriptions reveal that citizens of Tlos were divided into demes (social subdivisions), and the names of three of them are known: Bellerophon, Iobates and Sarpedon, famous Lycian heroes of legend. A Jewish community is also known to have existed with its own magistrates.


Tlos Stadium, Above & Below

A part of the stadium was not yet excavated . This stadium with a length of 137 meters in Tlos is to the east of the acropolis hill. It has seats on that side. Nine rows of seats are carved in the rock. In the middle of the stadium there is a pool of 72 x 8,3 meters, at a meter of depth. There is a fountain near the pool. Because of its position one can see on some pictures the acropolis hill in its back or across the stadium the agora building and/or the baths to its southeastern side. Some pictures conversely show details of the seats or the building in their back.


Big Roman bath (Below)

One of two adjacent baths. This is the Big one. The Grand Bath overlooked the Xanthos valley to the southeast of the stadion. Double doors connect its three rooms. Windows under 7 arches gave the bath a local alternative name, “Yedi kapı” (Seven gates) and must have provided a splendid effect. The Wikipedia suggests this room could be the "exedra in the baths" donated by Opramoas to Tlos and would date the baths to 100-150 CE. The cold section was in the east, the warm section to its west has been converted into a church in the 12th century. Further west was the hot room, which was converted into a narthex to that church.


Small Roman bath (Below)

The smaller of the two baths had two bathrooms and an apodyterium (changing room) at right angles to it from where one could reach the northern Palästra. The barrel vaults of the halls are still preserved. It is across a small road, and pretty big.

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