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Ilya Yefimovich Repin
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Ilya Yefimovich Repin   /    RUSSIAN paınter

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) was a Russian realist painter. He was one of the most renowned Russian artists of the 19th century, when his position in the world of art was comparable to that of Leo Tolstoy in literature. His major works include Barge Haulers on the Volga (1873), Religious Procession in Kursk Province (1880-1883), Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan (1885); and Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks (1880–1891). He is also known for the revealing portraits he made of the leading Russian literary and artistic figures of his time, including Mikhail Glinka, Modest Mussorgsky and especially Leo Tolstoi, with whom he had a long friendship.

Repin was born in Chuguyev, in Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire (now Chuhuiv in Ukraine, Kharkiv Region) into a family of Russian "military settlers". His father, a retired soldier, sold horses. He began painting icons at age sixteen. He failed at his first effort to enter the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in Saint Petersburg, but went to the city anyway, audited courses, and won his first prizes in 1869 and 1871. In October 1876 he began to show his work at the exhibitions of the leading new Russian artistic movement, The Wanderers. In 1872, after a tour along the Volga River, he presented his drawings at the Academy of Art in St. Petersburg. The Grand Duke Alexander Aelexadorvich awarded him a commission for a large scale painting, The Barge Haulers of the Volga, which launched his career. He spent two years in Paris and Normandy, seeing the first Impressionist expositions and learning the techniques of painting in the open air.

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Repin's most wellknown masterpiece;  ''The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan of Turkey''. 1890

Height: 69.8 cm (27.4 in); Width: 89.6 cm (35.2 in)

Collection: Tretyakov Gallery  

He suffered one setback in 1885 when his history portrait of Ivan the Terrible killing his own son in a rage caused a scandal, resulting in the painting being removed from exhibition. But this was followed by a series of major successes and new commissions. In 1898, with his second wife, he purchased a country house, The Penates, in Kuokkala, Finland (now Repino, Saint Petersburg), close to St. Petersburg, where they entertained Russian society.

In 1905, following the violent repression of street demonstrations by the Czarist government, he quit his teaching position at the Academy of Fine Arts. He welcomed the February Revolution in 1917, but was appalled by the violence and warfare that followed in the October Revolution. Finland broke away from Russia in 1917, and Repin was unable to travel to St. Petersburg, even for an exhibition of his own works in 1925. The government of Joseph Stalin insisted that Repin give up his Finnish residence and citizenship, and return to the city, but he refused. Repin died on 29, September, 1930, at the age of 86, and was buried at the Penates. His home is now a museum and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

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Aleksander III receiving rural district elders in the yard of Petrovsky Palace in Moscow.   1886

Height: 292.7 cm (115.2 in); Width: 490 cm (16 ft)

Collection: showTretyakov Gallery

Ilia_Efimovich_Repin_(1844-1930)_-_Volga_Boatmen_(1870-1873).

Bargehaulers on the Volga  1873

Height: 131.5 cm (51.7 in) ; Width: 281 cm (110.6 in) 

Collection: Russian Museum

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Religious Procession in Kursk Governorate, 

Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. 175 × 280 cm

Ilya Repin Ceremonial Sitting of the State Council

Ceremonial Sitting of the State Council on 7 May 1901

Marking the Centenary of its Foundation

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Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan Tretyakov Gallery, (1885)

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Two hawks (Bashi-bazouk)   1878

Height: 78.5 cm (30.9 in); Width: 110 cm (43.3 in)

Collection: Kyiv National Picture Gallery

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They Did Not Expect Him, (The unexpected visitor) 

Tretyakov Gallery, (1884-1888)

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Ilya RepinWhat freedom!  1903

height: 179 cm width: 284.5 cm

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Seeing off a recruit

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Railway guard. Khotkovo  1882

Height: 34.5 cm (13.5 in); Width: 59 cm (23.2 in)

Collection: Tretyakov Gallery

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A Parisian Cafe  1875

Height: 120.6 cm (47.4 in); Width: 191.8 cm (75.5 in)

Collection: Private collection

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Arrest of a Propagandist   1892

Height: 34.8 cm (13.7 in); Width: 54.6 cm (21.4 in)

Collection: Tretyakov Gallery

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Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy in the ploughland.   1887

Height: 27.8 cm (10.9 in); Width: 40.3 cm (15.8 in)

Collection: Tretyakov Gallery 

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