Category: Ancient City / Site
Civilisation: Greek / Pisidian
PEDNELISSUS ANCIENT PISIDIAN CITY
Pednelissus or Petnelissus (both forms are used in ancient writings and on the city's coins, the latter form alone appearing in its later coins) (Greek: Πεδνηλισσός) was a city on the border between Pamphylia and Pisidia in Asia Minor.
Writing in about AD 530, Hierocles placed it in the later Roman province of Pamphylia Secunda, a reckoning accepted also in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees, which thus makes Perge its metropolitan see. Earlier, Strabo (64/63 BC – c. AD 24) placed it in Pisidia and said that it was north of Aspendus. It was near the Eurymedon River, on the southwestern slope of Mount Taurus, overlooking the Pamphylian plain.
The site of the city does not appear to have been identified with certainty; but it is generally believed to be a site near the village of Kozan, Gebiz, Antalya. The ruins of this site are considerable, covering a wide area. Among the better preserved structures are the agora and a gate-tower. Meagre remains of a Byzantine church can also be found
Polybius gives a detailed account of a war waged against Pednelissus by the neighbouring city of Selge. Polybius was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic period. He is noted for his work The Histories, which covered the period of 264–146 BC and the Punic Wars in detail.
Pendnelissus called in the Seleucid ruler Achaeus, who forced Selge to yield under onerous terms. Achaeus was a general and later a separatist ruler of part of the Greek Seleucid kingdom. He was the son of Andromachus, whose sister Laodice II married Seleucus Callinicus, the father of Antiochus III the Great.
In 102 BC, Pednelissus became subject to Rome. In 50 BC Cicero was governor of Cilicia and Pisidia and makes mention of Pednelissus.
From the time of Trajan (98-117 AD) to the late 3rd century, Pednelissus minted bronze coins, which seem not to have had a wide circulation.
Apollo and bay tree relief
A titular see in Pamphylia Secunda, suffragan of Perge. In ancient times this city was a part of Pisidia. It is mentioned by Strabo, XII, 570, XIV, 667; Ptolemy, V, 5, 8; Pliny, V, 26, 1; Stephanus Byzantius, s. v.; in the sixth century by Hierocles, "Synecdemus", 681, 12, who locates it in Pamphylia. It is important for its frequent wars with Selge (Polybius, V, 72, etc.). Its coins have two forms of the name, as above (Head, "Historia numorum", 591); other documents frequently give very corrupted forms. The "Notitiæ Episcopatuum" mention the see as late as the thirteenth century; but only two bishops are known; Heraclides, present at the Oecumenical Council of Constantinople, 381, and Martinus, who signed the letter of the bishops of Pamphylia to Emperor Leo (Le Quien, "Oriens christianus", I, 1023). The exact site of the city is unknown and it is identified with several localities; the most probable identification is with the remains of a group of ruins to the south of Tchaudir and to the east of Kizil Keui in Pambouk ova (cotton field), vilayet of Koniah.