Andriake - Ancient City of Lycian Union
It is an ancient city which is a city of faith in the city of Myra in Çayağzı, Demre District of Antalya Province.
When I went a few years ago I was in a view of a place that had been completely delivered to their fate. Although it is obvious that the excavation is being done in some way, I noticed that there is no protection measure and no access control. After the years, many things have changed. Excavations were held and a protected ancient site with oppropriate acces control was presented to the eyes of the history fans. Now, The "Lycian Civilizations Museum" can also be visited in the section where the excavations still continue & you can watch the ongoing excavations in the ancient site.
The city is known as the port of Myra which is another but bigger city closeby. However, it is reported that there were an ancient city called Andriake at the mouth of andriakos (Kokarçay) river in BC. 197 . It is known that the area was belonging to Ptolemaios of the Hellenic dynasty before Lycians. In Livius, Andriake's name is counted among the southern Lycian cities.
When Traian stayed in Myra, he wanted to build a beautiful harbor in the south of Lycia. But the planning and implementation belongs to the time of the Roman emperor Hadrianus. In 18, the visit of Germanicus and his wife Agrippa to Myra was honored with the statues erected in Andriake. Andriake Antique City is located on both sides of the creek. When proceeding to the ancient city, if you chose left you arrive at the edited area. If you do not deviate to this area and continue straight, you can see the remains on the right side in the reeds and under the sand dunes. This section is not yet fully regulated. On the Demre-Kaş Road, the ancient structure you will see right on the Çayağzı turnout is the monumental fountain of this city.
a point that attracted my attention while visiting the excavations of the city or the city was the ground of the excavated areas. As you can see from the picture above, the lower layers of the ground was not soil. The mass that you see is not completely visible, but the layers are completely consist of tiny sea shells which were carried to the port area during centuries by sea and the river. An incredible amount of the remains of the crustaceans overlapping the alluviums of the river and the sea in centuries.
The structures in the arranged section can be visited as two separate churches, East and Western baths, Port Agora, Cistern, Synagogue and Granarium, which are used as museum buildings, and Port Buildings. In the hall at the entrance of the ruins, a promotional film about the Lycian Civilizations can be seen.
Ancient water cistern of the city / Photo from 2012 before rearranging
Water cistern present day
A Synagogue in Andriake, the port of Myra
The synagogue that was unearthed in Andriake is one of the two synagogues in the Lycian cities that would be furtherly Roman.
Archaeological and literary evidence suggest that a large number of synagogues existed in Asia Minor during late antiquity. The best preserved of these Jewish meetinghouses are the synagogues of Sardis and Priene, though less extensive remains of local Jewish communities have been found in most of the major Roman cities, from Nicomediaand Nicaea in the north to Pergamon, Smyrna, Laodicaea, Tralleis and Antioch on theOrontes
The synagogue at Andriake, the port of Myra, was discovered in the first year of Myra-Andriake Excavations in 2009.
This impressive building has yielded not only anapsidal synagogue, but the remains of an important chancel screen with images of theseven-branched lampstand, the biblical menorah, significant inscriptions and a number of smaller finds.
The excavators suggest a translation of the inscriptions in Greek on both plaques as follows:
‘Offering of Makedonios, son of Romanos, and his Makedonios’ wife
Prokle and their parents Romanos and Theodote.
May there be peace onto all Israel! Amen! Shalom.’
Nevzat Çevik, Özgü Çomezoglu, Hüseyin Sami Öztürk, and Inci Türkoglu,
“A Unique Discovery in Lycia: The Ancient Synagogue at Andriake, Port of Myra.” Adalya XIII (2010), 335–66